Individualized Diabetes Type 2 Management

1.4 Adiposity & Addiction

‘A Close Relationship’

As the result of a series of studies by Prof. Dr. F. Kiefer and his team at the ‘Central Institute for Mental Health‘ (ZI) in Mannheim, Germany.

Fastfood

Eating Addiction is Similar to Alcoholism

The objective and scientific proof is made by Prof. Dr. F. Kiefer (ZI Mannheim).

Core Messages on Adiposity and Addiction by Prof. Dr. F. Kiefer (ZI Mannheim)

  1. Obesity (Adiposity) is caused by a disturbed consumption behavior, which is not changed in spite of negative and partially severe consequences for the health, the psyche, and the social situation of the patient.
  2. The actual status indicates that adiposity and addictive diseases have an identical neurobiological basis.
  3. In order to study the mechanisms of addictive behavior in the adiposity syndrome, a study was initiated in 2008 at the ‘Clinic for Addictive Behavior and Addictive Diseases’ of the ZI in Mannheim.
  4. In the experimental design alcohol-addicted patients were shown alcohol-associated stimuli and obesity patients were shown eating-associated stimuli. The results show an activation of identical brain structures in case of alcohol-addicted patients and patients with obesity.
  5. It appears that in both addictive diseases the basis for the behavior disorder is an ‘erroneous regulation’. The ‘false’ regulation in the transmission of a positive reinforcement to the so-called mesolimbic reinforcement system is the neurobiological explanation of the addictive behavior. This is a very important result of empirical neurobiological research. It should be used to create a more effective therapy of adiposity, addressing the aspects of addictive behavior in adiposity.